1. IN THE CELIAN
Due to the
devastation caused by the troops of Robert the Guiscard in 1084 and the
consequent reconstructions, the Celian Hill still hides ancient Roman buildings
preserved underneath the medioeval ones. Our selection focuses on 2 jewels of
archeology: the Church of st. Clemens and the Houses of Saints John
Our Tour starts
from the Celian Hill - a few meters away from the Temple of Claudius (1st
century) - at the house of two roman christians, Joannes and Paulus, who
met their martyrdom here under the reign of Julian the Apostate.
In this genuine
Roman house we find the sole example - in Rome - of a millenary concept of Heaven:
a beautiful fresco representing the
Islands of the Blessed. Other wall frescoes, instead, curiously lead our
search to the mysteries of Dionysism and the philosophic teaching of Pythagoras.
From the slope of the Celio we go down to the 3 levels basilica of St.
Clemens, which hides, beneath a paleochristian basilica, a temple for
worshippers of Mithra. Mithraism, originating in Persia, was
introduced in Rome by Asian pirates captured by Pompeus in the I b.C.
Eventually the cult spread all over Europe, especially among soldiers. Cautes,
Cautopates, the Primigenial Bull, the Grotto, the
Chariot of Helios make the mythic and fascinating background of this
archaic religion which revealed to be the last obstacle before the final
triumph of Christianity. After visiting the IV century paleochristian
basilica to admire frescoes with stories of St. Clemens, the Tour will end
up in the above basilica (XII century).
DURATION: 2.5-3 hours
WHEN: from THURSDAY to
(except Easter Sunday, Easter
Monday, May 1st, December 25th, January 1st)
HOW: on foot
MEETING POINT: to be agreed
either (1) at the entrance of St. Clemens or (2) onto the Celian Hill, at
Piazza della Navicella, before the Church of St. Mary in Domnica (past the
MEETING TIME: to be agreed
TOUR RATE: party of 2 adults € 70 each; 3-4 adults € 50 each; 5-6 adults € 35 each; 7-11 adults € 25 each; 12-15
adults € 20 each.
under 18 do no t pay for the Tour.
ADMISSION FEE: to the Roman Houses of
SS. John and Paul € 6 per person;
to St. Clemens
€ 5 per person
FINAL STOP: St. Clemens or
GUIDED BY: Max, Eleonora,